About Olympic Games in shorts
The modern Olympic Games ( French: Jeux olympiques )[1 ], are the major international sports events that feature summer and winter competitions. The Olympics has become an internationally acclaimed sport event with over 200 teams representing sovereign state and territorial territories. The Olympic games normally take place each four years, but since 1994 alternate between Winter Olympic games once a year for four years.
The Olympic Games feature a large fashion of sports, divided into Summer and Winter Games. Summer sports include athletics (track and field, marathon, etc.), aquatics (swimming, diving, etc.), gymnastics, cycling, soccer, tennis, weightlifting, and many others. Winter sports include skiing, snowboarding, ice hockey, figure skating, and luge, among others. The exact list of sports and events included in the Olympics can vary from one Games to another, but typically includes around 30-40 sports for the Summer Games and around 15 sports for the Winter Games.
Changes in Olympic sports
The list of sports and events included in the Olympic Games has changed over time. Some sports, such as croquet and tug of war, were included in the early modern Olympic Games but have since been dropped. Other sports, such as baseball and softball, were dropped from the Olympics but have since been reinstated. Some sports, such as beach volleyball, have been added as new events. Additionally, new disciplines within existing sports, such as snowboard slopestyle and freeskiing, have been added to the Winter Olympics. The International Olympic Committee (IOC) is responsible for determining which sports and events are included in the Olympics, and they consider factors such as the popularity and universality of the sport, as well as the available venues and infrastructure.
The ancient Olympic Games were a religious festival honoring Zeus, the king of the gods in Greek mythology. They were held every four years in Olympia, a sanctuary in the western Peloponnese peninsula in ancient Greece. The first recorded ancient Olympic Games were in 776 BCE, and they continued to be held until 393 CE, when they were banned by the Roman Emperor Theodosius I as part of an effort to suppress traditional polytheistic religions.
The ancient Olympic Games featured a variety of athletic and sporting events, including running, long jump, shot put, discus, and chariot racing. Only freeborn Greek men were allowed to participate, and they competed in the nude. The ancient Olympic Games were not only a sporting event but also a religious festival, an occasion for political negotiations and for displaying wealth. The victors were highly honored, and their names and deeds were recorded for posterity.
The ancient Olympic Games were important in the history of Greece, and had a profound impact on the Greek civilization. The ideals of the ancient Olympic Games, such as the pursuit of excellence and the value of fair play, continue to be an inspiration to people around the world today.
Olympic games details in this current year 2023
From 17 – 25 June 2023, Berlin, Germany will welcome 7,000 Special Olympics athletes and Unified companions from about a hundred and seventy international locations to compete in 24 sports. The athletes might be supported through greater than 3,000 coaches and 20,000 volunteers.
Olympic sports definitions
Here are definitions for some common Olympic sports:
Athletics: This category includes track and field events such as running, jumping, and throwing. It is considered the backbone of the Olympic Games and includes events like the 100m dash, long jump, shot put, and marathon.
Aquatics: This category includes swimming, diving, and synchronized swimming events. These events take place in a pool, with swimmers competing in various strokes and distances, and divers performing acrobatic feats off of springboards and platforms.
Gymnastics: This category includes artistic gymnastics, rhythmic gymnastics, and trampoline. In artistic gymnastics, athletes perform routines on different apparatus such as the vault, uneven bars, balance beam and floor exercise. Rhythmic gymnastics is a sport that combines elements of ballet, gymnastics, and apparatus manipulation. Trampoline gymnastics, is a sport in which gymnasts perform acrobatics while jumping on a trampoline.
Cycling: This category includes road cycling, track cycling, and mountain biking. Road cycling is a race on pavement, track cycling is a race on an indoor track, and mountain biking is a race on dirt trails with obstacles such as rocks and roots.
Soccer: Also known as football, soccer is a team sport where players use their feet to kick a ball and try to score goals.
Tennis: This is a racket sport in which players use a racket to hit a ball over a net. Singles and doubles competitions are held for men and women.
Weightlifting: This sport involves lifting weights in two categories: the snatch and the clean and jerk. Athletes are divided into weight classes and compete to lift the most weight in each category.
Skiing: This category includes alpine skiing, cross-country skiing, freestyle skiing and ski jumping. Alpine skiing is a sport that takes place on snow-covered slopes and includes events such as giant slalom and downhill. Cross-country skiing is a sport where the skier uses skis to travel across flat or hilly terrain. Freestyle skiing is a form of skiing in which skiers perform acrobatic tricks and stunts on a ski slope. Ski jumping is a sport in which skiers slide down a take-off ramp and jump as far as they can into the air.
This is not an exhaustive list of Olympic sports, but it covers some of the most popular and well-known events
Criteria for inclusion and thresholds
The International Olympic Committee (IOC) is responsible for determining which sports and events are included in the Olympic Games. The criteria for inclusion of a sport or event in the Olympics are based on several factors, including the popularity and universality of the sport, the availability of venues and infrastructure, and the potential for the sport to promote the Olympic values of excellence, friendship, and respect.
The IOC has a process for considering sports for inclusion in the Olympics. The process begins with the recognition of International Federations (IFs) that govern each sport. These IFs must meet certain requirements, such as having a minimum number of national member organizations, and must adhere to the Olympic Charter. The IFs of sports that are not currently on the Olympic program can apply to be considered for inclusion, and the IOC will evaluate their application based on the criteria mentioned above.
International Olympic Committee:
The International Olympic Committee (IOC) is the governing body of the Olympic Movement. It is responsible for organizing the Summer and Winter Olympic Games, and for overseeing the Olympic Movement worldwide. The IOC is based in Lausanne, Switzerland, and its current president is Thomas Bach. The IOC is made up of over 100 members from different countries, who are elected for a term of eight years. The main role of the IOC is to ensure the Olympic Games are organized in a way that promotes Olympism and the Olympic values of excellence, respect, and friendship.
The Summer Olympics, also known as the Games of the Olympiad, is an international multi-sport event that is held every four years. The event features athletes from around the world competing in various sports, with the goal of earning medals and the title of Olympic champion. The first modern Summer Olympics was held in Athens, Greece in 1896, and since then the event has been held in cities around the world, including London, Sydney, Beijing, and Rio de Janeiro. The Summer Olympics feature a wide range of sports, including athletics, swimming, gymnastics, cycling, and many more. The next Summer Olympic games will be held in Paris, France in 2024.
The Winter Olympics is an international multi-sport event that is held every four years. It features athletes from around the world competing in various winter sports, with the goal of earning medals and the title of Olympic champion. The first modern Winter Olympics was held in Chamonix, France in 1924, and since then the event has been held in cities around the world, including Lake Placid, Vancouver, and Pyeongchang. The Winter Olympics feature a wide range of sports, including skiing, snowboarding, ice hockey, figure skating, and many more. The next Winter Olympic games will be held in Beijing, China in 2022.
Allegations of bribery and corruption
There have been several allegations of bribery and corruption within the International Olympic Committee (IOC) and other organizations related to the Olympics. These allegations have included accusations of vote-buying, misuse of funds, and other forms of corruption related to the selection of host cities, the awarding of contracts, and other aspects of the Olympic Games. Some of the most notable allegations of corruption in the Olympics have occurred in the bidding process for the 2002 Winter Olympics, which were awarded to Salt Lake City, and the 2018 and 2022 Winter Olympics, which were awarded to Pyeongchang and Beijing respectively.
In addition, there have been several instances of bribery and corruption related to the awarding of contracts for the construction of venues and other infrastructure for the Olympic Games. There have also been some cases of corruption in the selection of officials and referees for the Olympics. These allegations have led to calls for greater transparency and oversight in the Olympic Movement and the IOC.
It’s worth noting that many of these allegations have been investigated and dealt with by relevant authorities, and the IOC has also implemented a number of reforms in recent years to improve transparency and reduce the risk of corruption.
Changes since 2000
Since 2000, the International Olympic Committee (IOC) has implemented a number of changes in response to allegations of bribery and corruption. Some of the most significant changes include:
Reform of the Olympic bidding process: The IOC has made significant changes to the way host cities are selected for the Olympic Games. In an effort to prevent bribery and corruption, the IOC has increased transparency and oversight with inside the bidding technique and has carried out stricter policies and hints for capability host cities.
Implementation of the Olympic Agenda 2020: In 2014, the IOC adopted Olympic Agenda 2020, a strategic roadmap for the future of the Olympic Movement. The Agenda includes a number of measures to promote transparency and good governance, including the creation of an independent Ethics Commission and the establishment of a new system for selecting host cities.
New Code of Ethics: The IOC has adopted a new Code of Ethics, which sets out strict rules and guidelines for the conduct of members and officials of the Olympic Movement. The Code prohibits bribery, corruption, and other forms of unethical behavior, and provides for disciplinary measures in case of violations.
New Host City Contract: The IOC has introduced a new Host City Contract, which includes a number of measures to ensure the host city’s compliance with ethical and sustainability standards and to protect the rights of the athletes and the public.
Transparency and Good Governance: The IOC has taken steps to improve transparency and good governance within the organization. The IOC has implemented a new transparency policy and regularly publishes financial reports. It also holds regular meetings of its Executive Board and General Assembly, which are open to the public and the media.
These changes are constantly reviewed and updated to make sure that the Olympic Movement and the IOC maintain the highest ethical standards and avoid any form of bribery and corruption.
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